Knee Complaints

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Anatomy
"Ligaments can be likened to pieces of string whose purpose is to control and prevent excessive movement of joints. Ligaments are made of strong connective tissue (collagen). There are two main groups of ligaments in the knee that connect the femur to..."
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Cartilage Injuries
"The most common meniscal problem is a tear. In young patients tears are normally the result of a sporting or other significant injury. As patients grow older then the meniscii become degenerate, weaker and more fragile and they can tear with more min..."
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ACL injuries
"The ACL is one of the most commonly injured knee ligaments. Sports involving running, jumping and landing pose the most potential for injury and an ACL injury is a very common injury in football or other field or racket sports when trying to change d..."
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Other Ligaments Injuries
"The main restraining ligament on the inside of the knee is the MCL. This is a ligament that is frequently injured when the lower leg is forcibly deviated laterally (away from the body). Symptoms: Following an injury, pain is normally experienced over..."
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Patella Problems
"This is where the patella dislocates or subluxes (partially dislocates). In everyone the pull of the quadriceps muscles tends to pull the patella laterally. In some patients this tendency is greater than others due to their own individual body shape..."
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Knee Arthritis
"The most common cause of chronic knee pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis (commonly referred to as wear and tear damage) to the knee is the most common form of arthritis causing knee pain, particularly in middle aged and older patients...."
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Joint Surface Injures
"Joint surface problems can be in the form of injuries, where there
is damage to the articular chondral (cartilage) surface, or early
degeneration.
Osteochondral injury implies an injury to articular cartilage with
some of the underlying bone. Chondra..."

Knee Complaints

The knee is a joint that functions very well for most people for most of their lives.

However, it is put under a lot of strain and there is an increasingly tendency for all of us to be more active for longer and longer in life.  This inevitably means that we are more likely to suffer acute injuries and develop degenerative problems.  These problems tend to overlap and contribute to each other.

The main sorts of knee problems are described here and an understanding of these can help one to make an informed decision about treatment options and not only their short term benefits but also their long-term benefits.

Meniscal cartilage problems, ligament injuries in particular can lead to the development of osteoarthritis, especially if not treated appropriately, and this is very important when considering treatment for these injuries.