Knee Operations

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Arthroscopy
"Knee arthroscopy is keyhole surgery used for both the diagnosis and treatment of knee conditions. It allows the inspection and assessment of the cavity of the knee joint and allows treatment, such as removal of meniscal tears, articular cartilage fla..."
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ACL Reconstruction
"ACL Reconstruction surgery involves a general or spinal anaesthetic as a day case or overnight stay. The procedure is usually performed arthroscopically (through keyhole surgery) and is aimed at replacing the deficient ACL with a graft ligament to st..."
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Osteotomy
"This operation is aimed at realigning the leg so as to reduce the forces of body weight that go through the inside (medial aspect) of the knee that has and transfer them more to the undamaged normal outside (lateral) compartment of the knee. The oper..."
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Patella Stabilisation
"Several types of operations are used for patients who experience recurrent patella dislocation or persistent patella instability symptoms despite physiotherapy. The type of operation performed depends on the individual factors affecting each patient,..."
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Partial (unicompartmental) and Total Knee Replacement
"The purpose of a knee replacement is to relive pain and allow patients to return to activities such as walking that were limited/prevented due to pain. A total knee replacement is effective way of relieving the pain of an arthritic knee. The replace..."
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Chondral Resurfacing
"The articular cartilage may be damaged after a jarring or twisting injury of the knee or might occur spontaneously as part of a degenerative process. It may also occur in conjunction with meniscus and ligament injury. ..."
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Meniscal Preservation
"The medial and lateral meniscii have important functions mainly as load distributors in the knee. Unfortunately torn meniscii occur very frequently and most tears are either irreparable or are extremely unlikely to heal if they are repaired. In thes..."

Knee Operations

The knee is a complex hinge joint between the thigh bone (femur) and shin bone (tibia).

The knee joint also includes the patello-femoral joint between the kneecap (patella) and the trochlea (groove) on the front of the femur. Ligaments can be likened to pieces of string whose purpose is to control and prevent excessive movement of joints. Ligaments are made of strong connective tissue (collagen).

There are two main groups of ligaments in the knee that connect the femur to the tibia, the collateral ligaments and the cruciate ligaments.The two main groups of ligaments are called the collateral ligaments, which are at the sides of the knee, and the cruciate ligaments in the centre of the knee.

The medial and lateral collateral ligaments [MCL and LCL] lie outside the capsule of the knee joint on the inside (medial) and outside (lateral) of the knee respectively. They mainly control excessive sideways motion.